Politics by Mat Babiak - tagged: ,

Southeast Statistics

A Report on KIIS Polling Data From April 8-16, 2014

An opinion poll by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) was recently conducted on the views and opinions of residents of South-Eastern Ukraine. The poll was conducted April 8-16 through 3232 respondents in eight regions of Ukraine (Odessa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Kharkiv, Luhansk, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, and Donetsk).

The Donbas Conflict

18.1% of Donetsk and 24.2% of Luhansk support the recent armed seizures of administrative buildings in the Donbas region, while surrounding provinces overwhelmingly disapprove of the current situation. 72% of Donetsk and 58.3% of Luhansk residents disapprove of the current actions. Roughly 25% in the Donbas region said they would attend secessionist rallies in favor of joining Russia.

Supporters in Donetsk were mostly split in their justification of the armed occupations, but Luhansk leaned towards seeing the militant actions as no different from what occurred in Kyiv and the west. Donetsk and Luhansk also held the lowest belief that Russia has organized the separatist occupations, and were the only two regions where the majority did not believe Russia was illegally interfering in the internal affairs of Ukraine.

Crisis Solutions

Most in the Southeast believe that the disarmament and disbanding of illegal radical groups is crucial to preserving national unity. Secondary solutions are economic, both internal (including supporting local business) and with regard to Russia (and establishing dialogue). Luhansk is the only region which favors local economy over the disbanding of radicals.

Independence & Secessionism

89.1% of the Southeast believes Ukraine should be an independent state, but with most feeling Russia and Ukraine should share open borders without visa restrictions. In contrast, 8.4% are in favor of Ukraine and Russia uniting into a single state; this sentiment is strongest in Donetsk (12.4%) and Luhansk (15.9%). Kherson showed the least support for joining Russia, with less than one percent favoring such an arrangement.

These figures are considerably lower than those conducted by KIIS in February, where 33% of Donetsk and 24% of Luhansk favored a Russo-Ukrainian state union.

However, when asked if one would favor their local region seceding from Ukraine and joining Russia, unification sentiment nearly doubles to 15.4%. No single region supported secessionism by a majority, but the Donbas again led the pack with 27.5% (of Donetsk) and 30.3% (of Luhansk) favoring a Crimean scenario.

Federalization

Only 11.8% of the Southeast supports federalization as a solution to preserving national cohesion. In Donetsk, 19.1% and Luhansk, 21.6% support the devolutionary solution. Other regions show considerably lower, mostly single-digit support.

When asked what system they prefer without qualification, on the whole, 64.3% of the Southeast believes Ukraine should remain a unitary state, while 24.8% favor federalization. Donetsk and Luhansk specifically favor a unitary structure (51.7% and 55.6%, respectively) over federalization (38.4% and 41.9%). Federalization was least supported in Kherson (6.9%),  Mykolaiv (10.7%), and Dnipropetrovsk (11.4%); unitarianism was also most strongly desired in the southern provinces of Mykolaiv (81%) and Kherson (87.4%). All provinces overwhelmingly support the devolutionary measure to allow governors to be locally elected, as opposed to appointed by the central government.

Russian Language

11% of the Russian-speaking portion of the country view introducing Russian as the second official language will help the current situation. Donetsk and Luhansk led support with a mere 17.1% each. Only 23.1% feel that the rights of Russian speakers are violated (versus 71.5%), most sentiment of which is concentrated in Donetsk (39.9%). When asked what they found attractive about Russia, while most of the Southeast said nothing does, notably the least compelling reason was the cultural connection. Altogether, alleged cultural-linguistic motivating factors in the region by media sources appear to be overblown.

Civil War?

46% feel that a civil war is possible (responding ‘rather’ or ‘definitely’ yes), while 32.7% feel war won’t occur. Donetsk and Luhansk (the Donbas) were the only regions where the majority felt civil war was possible. Dnipropetrovsk was the most convicted (‘definitely’) that civil war would take place (20.3%), but no region was equally as convinced it would not (Odessa being the greatest with 16.5% feeling civil war ‘certainly’ would not occur). When asked the most likely thing to cause anxiety, more were concerned with crime and the economy than all else.

Despite growing fear in crime and violence, and distrust in government institutions, 83% are against the right to bear arms with uniform figures across all regions. Dnipropetrovsk held the highest favor of the initiative with 10.7%. Only 4.4% said they would take up arms in the event of a civil war.

A Russian Invasion

With regards to Russian intervention in Ukraine, 19.3% of Donetsk and Luhansk support a Russian incursion, nearly twice the Southeastern average. Aside from the aforementioned two and Kharkiv (70%), 4/5ths of respondents in all other regions outright opposed Russian intervention. Kherson, which borders Crimea, held the greatest fear that Russia would invade (45.3%).

When asked what would prompt residents to take up arms, only 5.3% in the Southeast said a Russian invasion would push them to arm themselves, but twice as many would fight in the event of a threat to the territorial integrity of Ukraine. However, over half in the Southeast would fight if there was a threat to their safety or to that of their family. When asked specifically what they would do in the event of a Russian invasion, 20.9% said they would fight while 7% said they would welcome Russian forces. Most said they would stay at home and not involve themselves in military matters. Of course, this data includes all respondents and not only men of fighting age.

Distrust in Government

In the entire Southeast, 45% view the central government under Turchynov to be in varying degrees a legitimate entity, while over 50% do not. The figure of general certainty that the government is illegitimate is most concentrated in Donetsk (74%) and Luhansk (70%) while the highest levels of support came from Odessa (38.5%), Dnipropetrovsk (39.4%), and Mykolaiv (55.1%). 36.8% of the Southeast also considers Parliament itself to be an illegal organ of the state, but more respondents found it to be legal (42.3%). Despite this, majority of all regions, however, found deposed president Viktor Yanukovych to not be the legal president of the country.

Revolution or Coup?

46% of those in the Southeast consider the Ukrainian Revolution to have been a coup organized by the West, while 41.7% view the events as a revolution against a tyrannical dictator. Donetsk and Luhansk are the only regions where a majority hold the view that a coup occurred, while Dnipropetrovsk, Mykolaiv, Odessa, and Kherson held the opposite, pro-revolutionary view via majority.

Presidential elections

In all regions but the Donbas, pro-Euromaidan oligarch Petro Poroshenko dominates preliminary election polls. In Donetsk Poroshenko (10.4%) ranks second to Tihipko (12.4%), and in Luhansk he ranks third with 7.7% as Tihipko and Dobkin split the pro-Russian vote with roughly 9% each. A third of respondents in the Southeast so far have not yet made up their minds, and 11.5% say they will boycott the elections.

 

1.1 Do you consider legal or illegal the following organs of the central government in Ukraine?
Acting President of Ukraine Oleksandr Turchynov

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Sure (a) that the authority is legitimate

16.6

23.3

6.4

18.3

7.9

33.0

20.7

18.1

19.6

Most believe that the authority is legitimate

13.7

16.1

7.9

14.3

6.9

22.1

17.8

12.6

26.5

It is difficult to say for sure, I believe that authority is partly legal, partly illegal

15.1

16.8

9.9

19.5

12.2

18.1

19.0

13.6

21.3

Most believe that the authority is not legitimate

18.7

17.3

21.0

14.1

20.1

8.7

21.0

20.8

18.8

Sure (a) that the authority is not legitimate

32.1

19.3

53.0

29.1

49.9

15.1

17.3

30.4

13.1

Do not know / refuse

3.8

7.2

1.7

4.7

3.0

3.0

4.2

4.5

0.7

1.2 Do you consider legal or illegal the following organs of the central government in Ukraine?
The Government headed by Arseniy Yatsenyuk

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Sure (a) that the authority is legitimate

17.0

24.8

5.7

18.5

8.4

34.7

21.5

18.8

19.3

Most believe that the authority is legitimate

16.6

22.8

10.9

16.5

8.4

22.3

19.3

14.6

30.2

It is difficult to say for sure, I believe that authority is partly legal, partly illegal

13.3

13.1

9.4

20.7

9.7

14.9

16.0

11.6

20.3

Most believe that the authority is not legitimate

17.6

15.1

18.6

13.1

21.8

9.7

21.0

19.3

18.3

Sure (a) that the authority is not legitimate

32.0

19.6

53.5

26.2

48.6

14.6

18.5

31.4

11.1

Do not know / refuse

3.4

4.7

2.0

4.9

3.0

3.7

3.7

4.2

0.7

 

1.3 Do you consider legal or illegal the following organs of the central government in Ukraine?
Verkhovna Rada

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Sure (a) that the authority is legitimate

20.7

25.2

10.9

20.2

16.9

37.2

23.7

21.8

25.7

Most believe that the authority is legitimate

21.6

26.0

21.0

20.5

18.4

24.1

22.0

17.1

27.2

It is difficult to say for sure, I believe that authority is partly legal, partly illegal

17.2

13.9

16.6

23.2

13.9

15.1

21.0

15.1

25.5

Most believe that the authority is not legitimate

13.5

12.6

14.4

10.1

13.2

7.7

16.0

15.8

13.9

Sure (a) that the authority is not legitimate

23.3

16.8

35.1

21.5

33.5

12.7

13.3

25.0

6.7

Do not know / refuse

3.8

5.4

2.0

4.4

4.2

3.2

4.0

5.2

1.0

2. Do you think Viktor Yanukovych is the legal president of Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Definitely yes

10.0

6.9

18.8

8.1

12.2

6.9

5.9

6.9

3.2

Rather yes

9.6

7.9

13.6

7.7

15.4

3.7

9.6

5.9

5.9

It is difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

8.5

5.0

7.9

9.6

12.9

4.5

11.6

8.9

6.9

Rather no

18.1

13.4

23.8

17.5

17.6

16.9

18.0

17.6

15.1

Certainly not

51.7

64.6

34.4

55.6

40.0

64.0

50.4

58.7

68.1

Do not know / refuse

2.2

2.2

1.5

1.5

2.0

4.0

4.4

2.0

0.7

3. You think that the events on the Maidan in Kiev last winter – it’s …

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

… Citizens protesting against the corruption and tyranny of dictatorship Yanukovych

41.7

54.5

20.0

43.7

26.8

60.3

50.1

47.5

61.9

… an armed coup organized opposition through the West

46.0

31.2

70.5

38.3

61.3

23.6

37.0

42.6

30.0

Or … something else?

1.8

1.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

3.5

2.7

2.0

2.5

DO NOT KNOW / HARD TO SAY

9.7

11.1

8.2

15.6

9.9

11.9

9.4

7.7

4.7

Refusal to answer

0.7

1.7

0.2

1.0

0.0

0.7

0.7

0.2

1.0

4. Do you feel personally guilty for the actions of Yanukovych?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Definitely yes

3.9

7.2

2.5

2.7

3.0

5.7

2.5

4.0

4.5

Rather yes

7.4

10.6

4.7

7.4

8.2

7.4

6.4

7.9

7.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partly feel partially not feel

9.1

10.9

6.4

9.6

10.9

10.2

6.4

7.9

15.8

Rather no

20.3

21.5

21.5

22.5

22.3

20.1

21.7

15.1

14.6

Certainly not

58.0

47.3

64.1

56.5

54.1

54.8

62.0

64.6

57.2

Refusal to answer

1.2

2.5

0.7

1.2

1.5

1.7

1.0

0.5

0.7

5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: “Viktor Yanukovych had to disperse Maidan with force”?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Definitely agree

19.3

13.1

31.7

11.9

25.1

10.2

10.6

21.0

14.9

Rather, I agree

12.8

8.4

16.3

10.9

20.8

5.0

9.4

14.4

10.1

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

15.5

11.6

15.1

13.3

19.1

13.6

17.3

15.6

23.3

Rather not agree

17.7

22.5

15.6

23.2

12.4

17.9

20.0

15.3

13.1

Certainly disagree

33.2

42.6

19.6

37.8

22.1

52.1

40.2

32.9

37.6

Refusal to answer

1.6

1.7

1.7

3.0

0.5

1.2

2.5

0.7

1.0

6. Who, in your opinion, is responsible for the casualties on the Maidan?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Viktor Yanukovych

45.1

54.0

28.7

44.2

29.5

64.5

50.9

51.7

65.6

Party of Regions

17.2

14.1

9.9

13.8

13.6

25.6

26.9

19.1

34.4

Law enforcement agencies, “Berkut”

8.2

7.9

3.0

8.1

7.2

10.2

16.5

7.7

12.6

Protesters

10.3

7.7

10.1

8.4

13.2

10.2

12.3

10.9

11.4

Opposition leaders

37.5

24.5

57.2

27.9

47.6

27.0

33.8

33.9

24.8

Occident

18.4

11.1

28.5

12.1

22.6

8.7

14.1

22.8

11.6

Russia

4.8

4.0

1.2

6.9

4.7

5.7

5.4

5.9

13.4

Other

2.1

1.7

2.5

2.7

2.0

1.7

2.7

1.5

1.0

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

11.2

11.4

8.2

17.8

14.1

9.2

11.9

10.4

8.4

Refusal to answer

1.3

1.7

0.7

1.0

2.2

0.5

2.2

0.2

1.7

7.1.1 Do you think the state & Berkut justified the use of weapons on Maidan?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Nicola evsky

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

21.5

9.9

35.1

9.4

28.3

9.2

16.5

27.2

21.0

No

68.5

79.2

53.7

81.5

54.3

86.4

75.6

66.3

71.3

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

9.0

8.7

10.6

8.4

16.4

4.0

6.2

6.4

6.9

Refusal to answer

1.0

2.2

0.5

0.7

1.0

0.5

1.7

0.0

0.7

7.1.2 Do you think protesters on Maidan were justified in using weapons?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Nicola evsky

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

7.5

7.7

3.0

10.6

3.5

8.9

7.9

11.6

14.6

No

84.2

82.2

88.1

80.5

86.8

85.9

83.0

83.4

79.7

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

7.4

8.2

8.4

8.1

8.9

4.5

7.4

5.0

5.2

Refusal to answer

0.9

2.0

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.7

1.7

0.0

0.5

7.2 On this card are listed opinions regarding responsibility of law enforcement and “Berkut” for the victims on the Maidan. Which of these opinions is closest to you?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporozh-Skye

Luhansk

Nicola evsky

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Law enforcement agencies and “Berkut” were following orders, and took an oath, so the responsibility for the victims on the Maidan are those who gave them orders

64.7

59.9

73.0

55.3

66.3

55.1

58.0

71.5

66.3

Law enforcement agencies and “Berkut” knowingly performed criminal orders and carry the same responsibility for the victims on the Maidan, as well as those who gave them orders

21.0

23.5

12.4

26.9

15.1

30.5

29.6

19.1

25.7

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

11.0

10.1

11.1

16.5

14.9

12.9

8.6

8.7

4.5

Refusal to answer

3.3

6.4

3.5

1.2

3.7

1.5

3.7

0.7

3.5

8.1 How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding the “Right Sector”?

“Right sector” is … One of dozens of marginalized groups, and has no real weight and influence in the government, but needs to be disarmed?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

30.6

24.5

36.4

26.7

40.7

27.0

29.1

28.0

27.0

Rather, I agree

22.1

24.3

19.8

18.0

22.1

26.3

21.7

22.3

26.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

24.0

25.5

24.0

24.4

14.6

25.6

26.9

22.3

34.2

Rather not agree

7.8

7.7

8.7

5.9

3.7

6.2

8.1

12.4

5.7

Strongly disagree

5.0

5.7

5.2

5.2

2.7

3.5

5.9

5.4

4.2

Do not know / refused to answer

10.6

12.4

5.9

19.8

16.1

11.4

8.1

9.7

2.7

8.2 How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding the “right sector”?

“Right Sector” … is a major military formation, with influence in the government and a threat to the citizens and the integrity of the country?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

32.6

22.8

50.2

24.7

41.9

19.4

26.9

26.2

30.9

Rather, I agree

20.3

21.5

22.8

14.3

21.1

15.6

17.0

21.5

25.0

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

20.1

20.5

13.4

24.4

13.4

25.3

24.0

23.0

30.9

Rather not agree

10.1

11.4

5.4

9.6

5.5

15.6

16.3

13.4

7.9

Strongly disagree

7.1

12.4

3.2

8.4

4.5

11.7

8.4

7.2

2.0

Do not know / refused to answer

9.6

11.4

5.0

18.5

13.6

12.4

7.4

8.7

3.2

 

8.3 To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following

statements regarding the “Right Sector”?

“Right Sector” is … Political party nationalist persuasion?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

24.8

18.1

30.9

21.2

29.5

27.5

21.0

22.3

29.2

Rather, I agree

22.3

19.8

17.1

16.8

22.6

29.5

25.4

29.5

27.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

25.1

31.7

25.5

27.4

13.9

20.6

26.9

21.5

32.2

Rather not agree

9.5

8.4

11.6

10.4

8.7

6.5

11.9

8.9

4.0

Strongly disagree

7.9

9.7

8.4

7.2

6.7

6.0

6.2

9.9

4.2

Do not know / refused to answer

10.5

12.4

6.4

17.0

18.6

9.9

8.6

7.9

3.2

8.4 How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding the “Right Sector”?

“Right Sector” is a myth …?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

2.4

4.0

1.0

2.7

2.5

1.5

3.0

2.2

2.5

Rather, I agree

3.1

4.2

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.0

4.7

1.7

6.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

22.3

22.5

24.5

21.7

14.9

30.5

24.9

14.1

36.4

Rather not agree

20.4

18.3

21.8

15.3

17.4

20.1

23.0

26.7

15.6

Strongly disagree

39.4

39.6

42.1

39.3

38.5

33.5

31.6

46.8

34.9

Do not know / refused to answer

12.3

11.4

8.2

18.5

24.3

12.4

12.8

8.4

4.5

  

8.5 How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding the “Right Sector”?

“Right Sector” are … provocateurs acting in the interests of Russia?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

4.8

8.7

3.7

5.9

3.0

4.7

4.4

3.0

5.2

Rather, I agree

5.6

8.2

3.5

6.2

4.5

6.0

6.9

3.0

11.4

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

23.1

25.5

20.3

26.4

12.7

26.1

25.7

22.0

36.4

Rather not agree

19.2

17.6

23.5

13.1

15.9

19.1

21.0

21.5

15.3

Strongly disagree

35.6

28.2

42.1

27.9

44.4

30.3

32.1

40.8

27.7

Do not know / refused to answer

11.6

11.9

6.9

20.5

19.6

13.9

9.9

9.7

4.0

9. Do you think a civil war is possible in Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Definitely yes

16.4

20.3

19.3

16.3

13.9

17.4

12.6

11.6

17.8

Rather yes

29.6

24.3

36.6

24.9

38.0

27.8

25.7

26.2

28.0

It is difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

19.8

15.3

15.3

20.5

23.3

23.8

22.2

22.3

26.5

Rather no

20.2

25.2

17.3

20.2

14.4

21.1

20.2

25.2

14.4

Certainly not

12.5

13.6

9.2

16.3

9.7

9.4

16.5

13.9

12.9

Refusal to answer

1.5

1.2

2.2

1.7

0.7

0.5

2.7

0.7

0.5

 10. Some people believe that you need to allow Ukrainian citizens to freely acquire weapons. Others oppose this initiative. What is your opinion?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support the initiative

4.1

6.7

3.5

2.5

2.7

3.5

3.2

5.4

3.5

Rather, support the initiative

4.0

4.0

4.2

2.2

7.4

4.5

3.5

3.0

3.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

7.7

6.4

6.4

8.1

7.7

9.9

6.7

10.4

8.2

Rather, do not support the initiative

14.0

11.1

10.6

14.1

20.6

12.4

17.5

16.1

11.6

Certainly do not support the initiative

69.1

69.8

74.5

72.6

60.5

69.5

67.7

64.6

71.8

Refusal to answer

1.0

2.0

0.7

0.5

1.0

0.2

1.5

0.5

1.7

11. What today is more likely cause you anxiety?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Rampant banditry in the country

43.1

43.3

51.5

37.5

29.8

48.1

46.2

40.1

42.6

Inattention to the problems of the central government of the Southeast

16.8

8.7

19.8

15.6

22.8

23.6

15.8

13.6

22.3

The growth of radicalism and nationalism

19.1

10.6

22.5

13.1

26.6

20.8

19.3

19.1

24.5

One-sided coverage in the Ukrainian media issues in the region and the country

8.2

5.7

11.9

7.9

7.2

6.0

6.2

10.6

5.7

Introduction of visas with Russia

7.3

4.0

9.4

3.0

7.2

3.2

5.9

11.1

14.1

Joining NATO

9.6

2.5

15.3

5.2

10.7

5.0

12.8

10.1

12.1

Disabling Russian TV channels

5.0

2.0

6.4

2.5

3.7

4.0

4.9

10.6

3.5

The risk of losing their jobs

18.6

9.9

24.5

16.8

20.3

23.1

24.0

15.8

12.4

Non-payment of salaries and pensions

24.6

13.6

32.4

26.7

28.0

30.3

31.9

18.6

11.9

The collapse of the Ukrainian economy

39.2

27.5

44.3

32.8

42.7

48.4

40.0

36.9

53.2

Disruption of economic ties with Russia

19.7

8.2

26.7

10.1

36.2

13.9

11.1

24.0

23.5

Growth of separatist sentiment

13.7

10.9

12.6

9.6

12.7

21.3

14.1

14.9

23.5

Imposition of one language

6.5

2.0

9.4

2.5

12.7

4.5

4.0

7.7

7.9

Threat of civil war

31.7

26.7

40.6

27.7

28.5

29.3

31.4

24.5

47.8

Threat of invasion by the Russian aggressor

16.9

17.1

6.4

15.6

10.7

36.2

20.2

16.3

45.3

Other

1.8

3.2

1.0

2.7

0.7

0.5

2.0

2.2

1.7

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

1.8

2.0

0.7

3.5

1.5

2.0

1.5

2.7

1.0

Refusal to answer

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.5

2.0

0.5

0.5

0.2

0.0

12. What concrete steps do you expect from the central government to preserve the unity of the country?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Disarmament and disbandment of illegal radical groups

37.8

34.4

46.5

28.4

33.5

48.4

35.3

31.9

48.0

Marking a clear outlook for the economy of the Southeast (support enterprises in the region)

22.4

11.4

24.8

21.7

36.0

23.1

22.7

20.8

23.3

Establishment of a parliamentary coalition with the Party of Regions

3.9

3.2

4.2

4.0

4.0

3.5

6.2

3.2

2.0

The involvement of representatives of ministerial positions Southeast

10.8

3.0

16.1

6.9

15.9

8.7

10.6

12.6

9.4

Balanced cultural policy according to national circumstances and mentality of the inhabitants of the Southeast

15.2

11.1

15.6

11.9

24.1

20.1

14.3

12.6

16.6

Dissociation of power from the nationalist and radical rhetoric

16.3

11.6

21.5

10.1

22.1

21.8

10.1

15.8

17.8

Recovery (economic and political) dialogue with Russia

23.0

13.9

29.7

19.8

28.5

18.1

20.7

24.8

25.5

Federalization of Ukraine

11.8

5.9

19.1

5.7

21.6

5.5

6.7

13.4

4.7

Introducing a second state language

11.0

4.0

17.1

8.1

17.1

4.0

7.4

12.9

11.6

Early elections to the Verkhovna Rada

14.5

10.1

7.9

9.9

14.4

31.8

24.0

14.9

22.8

Early elections of President of Ukraine

17.6

15.6

10.9

15.6

13.2

27.0

26.7

19.8

28.5

Establishment of a permanent public dialogue between the southeast and central government

19.5

15.3

18.6

13.8

20.1

24.8

25.2

20.5

23.5

Distinguishing central government positions and interests of ordinary people in the region from his party and the oligarchic elite

13.4

8.7

13.4

9.6

16.4

27.0

11.6

10.4

25.2

Other

3.1

2.2

1.7

4.0

1.5

4.2

3.7

6.4

2.7

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

10.2

11.6

7.4

19.3

8.7

8.7

8.6

8.7

12.6

Refusal to answer

1.5

4.0

1.0

1.2

1.7

0.5

1.2

0.5

0.7

13.1 Do you support or do not support the actions of those who captured administrative buildings in your area with firearms?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support

5.7

5.4

9.4

1.0

12.2

3.0

2.0

3.7

1.7

Rather, support the initiative

6.0

3.7

8.7

3.5

12.2

4.0

3.5

6.2

1.0

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

10.4

6.4

8.4

9.1

15.6

9.7

7.9

16.8

11.6

Rather, do not support

16.7

15.6

18.8

17.0

19.1

15.6

18.0

14.4

9.9

Certainly do not support

60.1

68.1

53.2

68.9

39.2

66.3

67.7

58.4

72.0

Refusal to answer

1.2

0.7

1.5

0.5

1.7

1.5

1.0

0.5

3.7

13.2 How do you justify the armed capture of administrative buildings?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Capture buildings can be justified because no other way to draw attention to the center of the region’s problems do not

17.1

10.9

23.0

12.3

24.3

18.6

13.6

17.1

12.9

Can be justified, because at the time of the revolution in Kiev and Western regions of Ukraine have done the same

17.3

11.9

22.3

13.1

30.8

10.7

8.6

22.3

6.2

Under no circumstances does not justify armed seizure of administrative buildings, all problems must be solved only through diplomatic channels

61.4

69.3

52.5

67.9

41.7

69.7

73.1

57.7

77.2

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

5.0

7.2

4.0

8.9

6.0

3.5

3.2

3.5

3.7

Refusal to answer

1.0

1.2

0.2

0.5

0.5

1.0

1.5

1.7

1.7

 14. In your opinion, in addition to former President Yanukovych, should ministers, governors, prosecutors, and judges, who during his reign involved in corrupt practices and violations of the laws, be prosecuted?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly, we have

67.6

65.6

70.5

60.2

65.5

69.2

71.6

66.8

70.3

Rather, it should be

18.6

19.1

18.6

17.3

20.3

19.4

14.8

20.5

18.3

It is difficult to say for sure, should or should not

8.0

7.2

5.4

14.6

9.2

6.5

6.4

9.2

8.9

Rather, it should not

2.0

3.0

2.2

1.7

2.0

2.0

1.7

1.5

0.7

Clearly, should not

1.7

1.5

2.0

0.2

1.2

2.2

2.5

1.7

1.7

Refusal to answer

2.2

3.7

1.2

5.9

1.7

0.7

3.0

0.2

0.0

15.1 Some people believe that in order to overcome the problems there is a need to cooperate and bring to power big business. Others oppose such an initiative. What do you think?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support the involvement of representatives of large capital in positions of power

14.4

22.8

11.1

13.8

7.9

10.4

17.0

12.4

19.8

Rather, support

17.0

17.8

12.4

18.5

19.6

13.4

23.2

18.3

12.6

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

25.0

21.3

23.0

29.6

26.8

24.1

28.4

25.5

25.2

Rather, do not support

15.6

14.6

15.1

15.1

14.6

18.4

11.6

21.3

14.9

Certainly do not support the involvement of representatives of large capital in positions of power

25.4

20.8

35.1

21.2

27.0

32.5

17.5

20.8

25.7

Refusal to answer

2.5

2.7

3.2

1.7

4.0

1.2

2.2

1.7

1.7

 15.2 On this card describes the opinions about how now we need to deal with the oligarchs in Ukraine. Which of these opinions is closest to you?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Need to nationalize all the property owned by oligarchs

24.3

23.3

38.1

22.0

24.6

20.1

17.8

15.1

18.6

Only the need to nationalize the property, which was acquired by them illegally

41.2

40.3

35.1

40.2

48.1

37.5

44.2

47.0

36.9

Property should not be nationalized, but the oligarchs have to pay extra for the illegally obtained property

14.4

11.4

11.4

16.8

8.2

17.4

16.0

19.6

23.8

There should be a shadow capital amnesty

5.5

8.9

3.0

1.7

5.0

11.9

5.9

4.2

7.9

The State must respect private property and ensure its protection mechanism

4.3

5.0

3.7

4.0

2.2

5.2

4.7

4.7

6.4

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

9.5

8.2

7.9

15.1

10.7

7.4

11.4

9.2

6.4

Refusal to answer

0.9

3.0

0.7

0.2

1.2

0.5

0.0

0.2

0.0

16.1 Do you agree with that … between Ukraine and Russia there is a war?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

36.8

44.6

28.2

34.8

26.8

60.0

41.0

31.2

50.2

No

48.9

40.6

60.6

43.2

54.1

25.6

41.0

61.9

36.6

HARD TO SAY

13.6

14.1

10.9

21.5

15.9

14.1

17.0

6.9

12.9

Refusal to answer

0.8

0.7

0.2

0.5

3.2

0.2

1.0

0.0

0.2

16.2 Do you agree with that … Russia illegally interfere in the internal affairs of Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

54.1

72.0

32.9

66.4

33.5

78.2

61.0

51.0

69.8

No

32.0

21.0

48.8

18.0

40.9

14.1

23.2

41.6

20.3

HARD TO SAY

12.8

6.4

17.8

15.1

20.8

7.4

14.6

6.9

9.7

Refusal to answer

1.1

0.5

0.5

0.5

4.7

0.2

1.2

0.5

0.2

16.3 Do you agree with that … Russia is an organizer of separatist rallies and seizure of administrative buildings in the south-east of Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

38.3

55.7

17.3

41.0

21.3

60.3

47.7

35.1

60.4

No

41.4

29.2

59.9

30.9

51.6

21.1

30.9

51.7

21.8

HARD TO SAY

19.1

14.4

22.3

26.2

22.6

18.1

20.2

12.9

17.3

Refusal to answer

1.2

0.7

0.5

2.0

4.5

0.5

1.2

0.2

0.5

16.4 Do you agree with that … Russia fairly protects the interests of Russian-speaking citizens in the Southeast?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

32.6

21.0

47.0

19.5

44.2

14.6

30.6

36.6

23.5

No

49.9

65.6

33.4

53.3

31.8

71.5

52.3

53.0

61.1

HARD TO SAY

16.1

12.1

19.6

23.0

19.6

13.4

15.8

10.1

14.9

Refusal to answer

1.4

1.2

0.0

4.2

4.5

0.5

1.2

0.2

0.5

16.5 Do you agree that … Russia has no effect on what is happening in Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

18.1

16.1

23.5

11.1

18.4

12.9

16.3

19.1

21.5

No

63.2

70.3

54.2

65.4

48.6

72.5

65.9

72.3

64.1

HARD TO SAY

17.1

12.1

22.0

20.7

27.3

14.4

15.8

8.7

13.4

Refusal to answer

1.6

1.5

0.2

2.7

5.7

0.2

2.0

0.0

1.0

16.6 Do you agree with that … Russia is doing everything for the accession of Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

40.7

50.2

35.6

39.5

31.0

58.6

41.7

35.9

44.3

No

35.0

33.7

39.9

26.7

29.0

21.6

34.6

47.3

30.4

HARD TO SAY

22.2

14.9

23.8

27.9

33.7

19.4

21.5

16.6

24.3

Refusal to answer

2.1

1.2

0.7

5.9

6.2

0.5

2.2

0.2

1.0

17. Do you consider the incursion of Russian troops on the territory of Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Definitely yes

19.7

24.0

19.3

19.0

14.4

21.3

17.8

18.6

25.0

Rather yes

26.6

24.3

29.0

25.7

29.0

28.0

24.2

25.5

28.2

It is difficult to say for sure, partly yes, partly no

20.0

15.1

13.9

20.7

26.8

23.3

25.4

21.8

24.3

Rather no

17.3

20.3

18.8

18.0

15.4

12.9

14.3

19.8

9.7

Certainly not

14.8

13.6

18.6

15.1

11.9

13.9

15.6

13.6

12.4

Refusal to answer

1.5

2.7

0.5

1.5

2.5

0.5

2.7

0.7

0.5

8. You support or oppose the introduction of the Russian troops in Ukraine?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support

5.6

3.7

9.9

0.7

6.9

3.5

2.7

7.7

3.0

Rather, support

6.1

1.5

9.4

3.5

12.4

3.0

4.2

7.9

1.7

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

11.8

5.9

13.1

9.6

23.1

5.5

11.4

13.9

7.2

Rather, do not support

15.9

15.3

18.8

17.0

17.4

9.2

14.6

17.1

8.9

Certainly do not support

58.4

69.6

47.5

66.7

36.0

77.9

64.4

53.2

78.7

Refusal to answer

2.2

4.0

1.2

2.5

4.2

1.0

2.7

0.2

0.5

19. What would make you take up arms?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Threat to you and your family

53.2

49.3

59.2

49.1

55.3

48.6

50.4

56.4

47.8

Threat to the territorial integrity of Ukraine

10.4

11.9

8.9

10.6

6.0

14.1

10.1

8.2

22.0

Threat your region from Kiev (civil war)

4.4

4.0

5.4

3.0

6.2

4.0

4.0

3.7

2.7

Threat to your region from Russia

5.4

7.9

1.7

5.7

4.2

10.2

3.5

6.7

9.9

Other

0.7

0.7

1.0

0.5

0.2

0.5

0.7

0.2

1.7

Nothing will make take up arms

31.1

29.2

30.9

33.1

27.3

31.3

35.1

30.2

35.4

HARD TO SAY

5.8

5.9

3.5

6.4

9.4

11.9

4.2

5.7

3.0

Refusal to answer

1.4

3.7

0.0

0.7

1.2

1.0

2.7

0.5

0.2

20.1 What would you like to see the relations between Ukraine and Russia?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

They should be the same as with other states – with closed borders, visas, customs

14.6

15.1

7.2

14.6

7.7

30.3

23.0

16.6

16.1

Ukraine and Russia should be independent but friendly states – with open borders without visas

74.5

78.7

79.7

74.8

72.7

62.0

68.4

70.5

80.4

Ukraine and Russia should unite in one state

8.4

4.0

12.4

4.4

15.9

4.2

5.9

11.1

0.7

HARD TO SAY

2.1

0.7

0.7

5.9

2.7

3.5

2.2

1.7

2.7

Refusal to answer

0.5

1.5

0.0

0.2

1.0

0.0

0.5

0.0

0.0

20.2 Do you support or do not support the view that your area should secede from Ukraine and join Russia?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support

7.1

3.7

11.9

2.2

13.2

3.5

3.2

9.2

1.0

Rather, support

8.3

3.2

15.6

4.0

17.1

3.7

4.0

6.9

2.5

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

12.5

6.9

17.3

9.9

12.4

6.0

11.9

17.3

11.4

Rather, do not support

16.0

13.1

17.3

17.5

20.6

6.7

19.3

16.1

11.1

Certainly do not support

53.7

71.0

34.9

64.0

31.3

78.7

59.5

49.5

73.5

Refusal to answer

2.4

2.0

3.0

2.5

5.5

1.5

2.2

1.0

0.5

21. Are you ready to go out and support rallies in support of joining your region to Russia?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

13.6

5.2

25.5

4.7

25.1

7.2

6.7

14.9

2.7

No

76.5

89.9

64.6

83.7

60.8

89.1

75.8

75.7

91.1

HARD TO SAY

8.1

3.7

8.4

8.4

11.7

3.5

12.6

9.2

5.4

Refusal to answer

1.8

1.2

1.5

3.2

2.5

0.2

4.9

0.2

0.7

22. When Russian troops invaded the south-east of Ukraine … you intend?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Nicola evsky

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Put up armed resistance to the aggressor

20.9

26.0

11.9

25.9

10.7

31.0

24.9

19.6

36.9

Welcome the introduction of Russian troops

7.0

2.2

12.6

2.5

11.7

4.7

4.9

8.4

1.2

To join the Russian army

2.1

1.2

3.5

0.7

2.5

0.0

2.0

3.5

0.5

Stay at home and not to interfere

46.9

44.1

55.4

48.6

43.2

36.2

39.5

49.8

47.8

HARD TO SAY

20.5

24.8

15.6

19.0

26.1

26.3

23.7

17.1

12.9

Refusal to answer

2.5

1.7

1.0

3.2

6.0

1.7

4.9

1.7

0.7

23. What attracts you in Russia?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Nicola evsky

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Culture

13.4

9.4

14.6

10.4

7.7

10.4

18.5

18.3

17.8

Stability of the economic situation

25.7

11.1

41.8

13.8

34.7

19.6

22.2

28.2

16.3

High salaries and pensions

25.3

9.9

39.6

17.0

30.3

26.6

17.5

32.9

17.6

Stability of power

21.2

10.1

37.9

12.6

24.8

23.6

19.0

17.1

9.9

Other

3.8

4.2

3.0

4.0

3.7

2.5

3.0

4.5

6.9

HARD TO SAY

7.9

10.4

4.7

10.6

9.9

7.2

7.4

6.4

8.9

NOTHING IN RUSSIA ATTRACTS

35.2

55.0

20.0

46.7

21.6

45.2

36.8

30.4

40.1

Refusal to answer

1.9

2.5

1.0

1.7

3.2

2.0

2.7

1.2

0.7

24. Do you agree with the following statement: “In Ukraine the rights of Russian-speaking population are violated”?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

23.1

12.4

39.9

12.8

29.5

9.9

20.0

24.8

11.4

No

71.5

79.7

57.2

82.2

60.8

87.6

72.1

71.8

86.1

HARD TO SAY

4.4

5.2

2.2

4.7

8.4

2.5

6.2

3.5

2.5

Refusal to answer

1.0

2.7

0.7

0.2

1.2

0.0

1.7

0.0

0.0

25. Do you agree with the statement that in your region the rights of Ukrainian speaking population are violated?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Yes

3.8

3.5

5.4

3.0

3.5

2.2

3.5

4.0

1.7

No

92.2

87.9

93.1

94.3

90.6

95.3

91.6

93.3

96.5

HARD TO SAY

2.8

3.7

1.0

2.5

5.5

2.5

3.0

2.7

1.7

Refusal to answer

1.3

5.0

0.5

0.2

0.5

0.0

2.0

0.0

0.0

26. Which of the following statements concerning the Crimea you agree to a greater extent?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Joining the Crimea to Russia – is the result of illegal annexation

44.3

61.1

25.7

53.6

26.8

68.2

46.9

42.8

56.7

Joining the Crimea to Russia – is the result of the free will of people in the Crimea

43.0

25.5

62.9

31.1

58.1

23.3

38.3

44.1

36.9

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

11.5

10.6

10.9

13.8

14.4

7.2

12.8

12.4

6.2

Refusal to answer

1.3

2.7

0.5

1.5

0.7

1.2

2.0

0.7

0.2

27.1 Do you agree with the following statements … The position of the Ukrainian central government during the Crimean crisis was correct, as in the conflict there were not victims?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

19.0

14.4

20.3

14.3

23.6

20.1

19.3

18.1

27.0

Rather, I agree

22.1

20.8

19.8

19.5

22.3

25.1

24.2

24.3

25.5

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

28.7

26.7

32.9

34.8

19.4

29.0

26.7

29.0

31.4

Rather not agree

12.8

14.6

14.6

12.6

8.2

12.9

16.0

10.1

9.7

Strongly disagree

11.6

16.6

9.2

12.8

10.7

9.7

9.4

14.6

5.0

Refusal to answer

5.8

6.9

3.2

5.9

15.9

3.2

4.4

4.0

1.5

27.2 Do you agree with the following statements … Crimea was lost because of incompetence and indecision power?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

44.2

40.6

52.7

42.7

42.2

33.5

41.5

47.8

38.1

Rather, I agree

21.8

19.3

21.0

24.9

20.6

25.6

21.7

22.3

24.0

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

17.8

22.3

16.8

15.6

11.2

21.3

19.0

15.6

25.2

Rather not agree

5.8

4.7

3.2

8.4

4.7

6.7

8.6

6.2

9.7

Strongly disagree

5.1

6.4

4.5

3.7

6.0

8.7

4.7

5.0

2.0

Refusal to answer

5.2

6.7

1.7

4.7

15.4

4.2

4.4

3.2

1.0

27.3 Do you agree with the following statements … Letting Crimea go is collusion between the central government, Moscow and the West?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Totally agree

6.9

7.4

5.7

6.7

3.7

4.0

8.6

6.4

17.3

Rather, I agree

7.1

8.4

5.7

5.4

5.2

6.9

5.7

8.9

14.4

It is difficult to say for sure, partly agree, partly disagree

31.1

31.4

33.9

30.6

23.6

36.2

33.8

26.7

34.7

Rather not agree

19.4

20.3

17.8

17.5

18.4

20.8

19.8

24.3

12.9

Strongly disagree

25.4

22.5

30.0

23.0

27.0

24.8

21.7

28.7

18.1

Refusal to answer

10.1

9.9

6.9

16.8

22.1

7.2

10.4

5.0

2.7

28. Who should be responsible for the loss of the Crimea?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Central authority (Acting President, Defense Minister, head of the SBU, the head of the National Security Council)

61.6

53.7

71.8

61.2

57.8

56.6

60.2

65.1

54.2

Separatist government and parliament of Crimea (Aksenov, Konstantinov)

23.8

23.8

11.6

25.4

22.3

41.9

31.6

20.5

42.8

Russia

19.0

24.3

8.4

22.5

15.4

27.8

21.7

17.1

34.4

U.S. and EU

6.8

6.9

6.9

7.7

6.2

5.5

5.2

8.2

6.4

Other

3.1

3.5

4.2

1.2

4.0

3.2

3.0

2.2

2.0

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

6.6

5.2

7.7

6.7

4.0

4.5

8.6

8.7

5.4

Refusal to answer

6.6

6.9

3.2

4.7

17.4

5.5

5.4

4.7

7.4

29. Polity Ukraine should be …?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Unitary – the area should have the rights that they have now

19.1

19.6

10.6

19.8

12.4

17.9

29.1

23.3

32.9

Unitary, but you need to decentralize power and extend the rights of regions

45.2

51.0

41.1

51.4

34.2

63.0

44.2

39.1

54.5

Federated

24.8

11.4

38.4

15.3

41.9

10.7

17.5

32.2

6.9

HARD TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW

8.8

11.6

8.7

13.6

7.9

8.4

8.1

5.2

5.0

Refusal to answer

2.0

6.4

1.2

0.0

3.5

0.0

1.0

0.2

0.7

30. You support or oppose the view that the position of Governor should be elected?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Certainly support

68.1

67.6

76.2

65.2

63.0

66.7

62.2

68.3

66.8

Rather, support

18.3

19.6

13.9

14.3

22.6

25.6

25.7

15.3

13.4

It is difficult to say for sure, partially support, partially support

8.0

5.9

5.7

11.1

8.4

5.5

7.4

9.9

15.8

Rather, do not support

2.7

2.0

3.2

5.4

4.0

0.5

1.2

3.2

0.5

Certainly do not support

1.2

1.5

0.5

2.2

1.0

1.2

1.0

1.2

2.0

Refusal to answer

1.7

3.5

0.5

1.7

1.0

0.5

2.5

2.0

1.5

 

31. Who, in your opinion, should determine the main provisions of the new Constitution of Ukraine concerning the government, powers of the center and the regions, languages, and so forth?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Ukraine itself

87.7

87.4

86.9

89.6

83.4

92.3

86.7

89.1

91.6

Ukraine with the participation of Russia

6.3

5.0

8.2

3.2

8.4

2.0

8.1

7.4

1.5

Ukraine with the participation of the EU and U.S.

0.9

0.7

0.7

0.5

0.5

2.5

1.5

0.7

1.7

Ukraine with the participation of Russia, the EU and the U.S.

0.8

1.5

0.7

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.7

0.2

0.2

HARD TO SAY

3.3

3.2

3.0

5.4

5.2

2.0

1.7

2.0

5.0

Refusal to answer

0.9

2.2

0.5

0.2

1.5

0.2

1.2

0.5

0.0

32. Imagine, please, that now passes a referendum on whether to join Ukraine to the European Union or the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. You can vote for accession to the European Union or for entry into the Customs Union. What is your choice?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Would vote for accession to the European Union

24.7

38.1

9.4

31.1

11.2

40.4

25.4

26.5

37.4

Would vote for accession to the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

46.8

29.2

72.5

36.3

64.3

22.1

36.5

46.5

31.4

Would not participate in the referendum

14.8

17.1

8.4

16.8

10.4

19.9

19.5

16.8

17.6

HARD TO SAY

12.3

14.4

8.9

15.1

11.4

16.6

15.3

9.4

11.9

Refusal to answer

1.4

1.2

0.7

0.7

2.7

1.0

3.2

0.7

1.7

33. If next Sunday were held presidential elections in Ukraine, would you participate in the vote? And what would be your choice if in the elections was attended by such candidates?

S.E.

Dnipro

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Luhansk

Mykolaiv

Odessa

Kharkiv

Kherson

Olga Bohomolets

2.3

2.7

2.0

3.2

1.5

2.5

3.5

1.2

2.7

Yuriy Boiko

0.5

0.2

1.0

0.2

1.2

0.2

0.5

0.0

0.0

Andriy Hrynenko

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.2

Anatoly Hrytsenko

3.4

4.2

2.5

1.2

2.0

5.0

3.5

4.5

6.2

Mikhail Dobkin

7.3

5.9

8.2

4.7

9.9

3.2

3.7

13.9

2.0

Alexander Klimenko

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Valery Konovalyuk

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Royal Natalia

0.4

0.7

0.5

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.7

0.0

0.0

Renat Kuzmin

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Vasily Kuibida

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Oleh Lyashko

1.1

2.0

0.2

0.7

0.5

2.2

1.0

1.0

2.5

Malomuzh Nikolai

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Petro Poroshenko

18.6

24.8

10.4

22.5

7.7

26.8

22.7

19.6

27.0

Vadim Rabinovich

0.3

0.5

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.5

0.0

0.2

Vladimir Saranov

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

Petro Simonenko

3.3

2.0

4.7

3.0

5.2

5.2

2.7

2.2

1.0

Yulia Tymoshenko

3.7

5.9

2.0

3.0

1.7

5.7

4.2

4.0

5.4

Sergei Tigipko

9.1

9.2

12.4

10.6

9.2

6.0

10.4

4.5

6.7

Oleh Tyahnibok

0.4

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.2

1.0

1.2

0.2

0.5

Oleh Tsarev

1.3

0.7

2.0

0.7

1.5

0.5

1.2

1.7

1.0

Vasily Tsushko

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.5

0.0

0.0

Shkiryak Zorian

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dmitry Jaros

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.7

0.5

0.5

WILL NOT VOTE

11.5

7.4

15.8

8.6

14.6

10.2

7.9

13.6

8.9

Hard to say, is not defined

33.6

30.4

35.6

38.0

40.7

28.5

31.9

29.5

33.4

Refusal to answer

2.5

2.5

1.7

2.2

3.2

1.5

3.2

3.5

1.7